Today will be Neo- Romanticism Surrealism.
Who is the painter?
Pavel Tchelitchew. Born in 1898, Tchelitchew lived outside Moscow until his family, dispossessed of its estate by the Bolsheviks, fled to Kiev. There, he studied briefly with the Constructivist Alexandra Exter before moving to Berlin (1921) and Paris (1923).
Why Neo- Romanticism?
In British art history, the term “neo-romanticism” applies to a loosely affiliated school of landscape painting that emerged around 1930 and continued until the early 1950s.
In Germany this term is used for an alternative label for the group of German composers identified with the short-lived Neue Einfachheit movement in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
But one thing is for sure: Neo-romanticism as well as Romanticism is considered in opposition to naturalism as a demanding a cultural reorientation responding to ‘the soul’s longing for a meaning and content in life” that might replace the fragments of modern knowledge with a holistic world view’.
What I can say about his work?
For general aspects, his works are anatomical evidence, we see enlarged feet – an allusion to wars, we need to keep our temper, to be down to earth and not idealistic or cruel -.
The colors, at a first glance, are most hot, hot, hot as an atmosphere of ‘love’, hateful or…why not? resentment.
It has seen a riot of colors: full of red, a few paintings somewhat balanced, then again some monogamous or simply… you can not tell exactly what he felt.
Again he was influenced by wars, but not so dramatic as the other.
I like his works – some of them – because they look like a calm scene, though their colors take you to revolt and hidden resentment, boiling and just so blown. Although they are on a beach or rocks… besides, his characters have expressive faces and their defects augmented.
Which is his notable painting?
This panorama of freaks, monsters and mutants, as the “Inferno” of his personal divine comedy.
He painted this work in New York from 1936 to 1938, and populated it with hundreds of characters from remote times and places, including many from his own biography.
From today’s perspective, “Phenomena” – with its hallucinogenic rainbow of colors, desolate urban background and the oversized appendages on many figures – seems to prophesy the nuclear holocaust.
In any event, it cemented Tchelitchew’s reputation as a major Surrealist painter.
This is a landscape populated by a cast of hundreds, including Hitler, Mussolini, Marlene Dietrich, Cecil Beaton, freaks galore, several Surrealists and last but not least the painter himself – the bottom left- .
With this image, which has echoes of Dali but has more in common with the political ”scenery” painted by Peter Blume, a contemporary who was also born in Russia, Tchelitchew plunges into Surrealism only to emerge a few years later with ”Hide-and-Seek,” a picture of children around a tree, which among other things, acts as an illustration of Ruskin’s views on the subject of paranoiac perception – the black spot reflected surrounded by little yellowish ans greenish spots (with black) -.
This is a children’s game in the tree that can be embodied in an apocalyptic vision of war – and that black tree can be the congealed blood of those who died in war-.
What is his perception about the world?
From children to the crazy personalities of history, from playful to war-to the madness hidden resentment -, from patriotism and selflessness in a selfish hatred towards the impossible, from a personal non-involvement of things seen / felt.
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